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automatic transformer distribution and load sharing system
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1. automatic transformer distribution and load sharing system

Transformer Load sharing system with SMS Altering

Power travels from the power plant to house through an amazing system called the power distribution grid. For power to be useful in a home or business, it comes off the transmission grid and is stepped-down to the distribution grid. This may happen in several phases. The place where the conversion from "transmission" to "distribution" occurs is in a power substation. It has transformers that step transmission voltages (in the tens or hundreds of thousands of volts range) down to distribution voltages (typically less than 10,000 volts). It has a "bus" that can split the distribution power off in multiple directions. It often has circuit breakers and switches so that the substation can be disconnected from the transmission grid or separate distribution lines can be disconnected from the substation when necessary.

The main aim of this projects is transformers sharing whenever the load increased for certain value and also sending these changes information to the respective authority via SMS by using GSM modem. The transformer load sharing will be done by micro controller with the help of electro-magnetic relay. And the load will be monitored on LCD with help of current transformers.

A GSM (global system for mobile communication) modem is connected with the interfacing of the RS 232 (Recommended standard) protocol wireless data transmission. The controlling device of the whole projects is a Microcontroller, GSM modem and LCD displays are interfaced to the Microcontroller. The micro controller will supervise all these devices.

The controlling device of the projects is a Microcontroller to which input and output modules are interfaced. The Microcontroller is programmed using Embedded C language which provides effective environment for performing the task of the project. Express PCB software is extracted to design the circuit boards.

This projects provides us with the learning’s on the following aspects:

1. Current transformer operation.
2. Interfacing microcontroller with the GSM module.
3. Embedded c program.
4. PCB design.

Advantages of this project:
1. we can handle 2 transformers
2. Low power consumption.
3. Long life.
4. Data can be transmitted wirelessly by using GSM module.

The major building blocks of this projects are:

1. Regulated power supply.
2. Micro controller.
3. Voltage Transformers.
4. Current transformer.
5. LCD driver circuit.
6. RS-232 interfacing.
7. GSM modem.
8. LCD Display.
9. Electromagnetic Relay.
10. Reset.
11. Crystal oscillator

This projects provides exposure to the fallowing technologies:

1. Micro controller characteristics.
2. LCD interfacing.
3. Relay interfacing.
4. Embedded C programming.
5. PCB designing.

Software’s used:

1. PIC-C compiler for Embedded C programming.
2. PIC kit 2 programmer for dumping code into Micro controller.
3. Express SCH for Circuit design.
4. Proteus for hardware simulation.

Block diagram:

hi sir
give me the ppt,circuit diagram
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good afternoon sir
i want the ppt of automatic transformer distribution and load sharing system project
please send to my email id haqforever[at]gmail.com
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Offline project helper
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7,556 posts

to get information about the topic "automatic load sharing of transformers by using gsm" full report refer the link bellow


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